Mothers and grandmothers, some of whom have lived in the UK for decades, are among those facing deportation to Nigeria and Ghana on a controversial Home Office charter flight on Wednesday.
Women the Guardian has spoken to estimate that at least 10 of them are facing removal. It is unusual to see such a large number of women on a deportation flight to the west African countries.
Some suffer from severe mental health problems and are on anti-psychotic medication.
Human rights campaigners say there are a range of safety concerns regarding the removal of those due to be onboard the flight, including religious persecution, modern slavery, rights to family life, and persecution because of sexual orientation.
Charities have expressed concerns about delays with what are known as rule 35 reports, where these issues can be explored at detention centres.
One 40-year-old mother of three British children has previously been sectioned under the Mental Health Act. She fled Nigeria after being persecuted for being a Christian in a majority Muslim area and travelled to the UK in 2009 on a false passport. She was pregnant at the time, was imprisoned for travelling on the false passport and gave birth while in prison.
When she became seriously mentally ill, her children were removed. The Home Office then evicted her because her children were no longer living with her. She ended up sleeping on the streets behind a church.
Speaking to the Guardian from Colnbrook detention centre, near Heathrow, she said: “How can the Home Office separate me from my children. I’m not going to let it happen. If they force me to go, I will die. I will kill myself. I escaped Nigeria to save my life.”
Adeniyi Raji, 48, is a gay man facing removal to Nigeria for a second time. He was interviewed by the Guardian in 2017 when he first faced deportation.
“I’m in the UK because I need protection. If I’m returned to Nigeria, they will kill me,” he said.
He shared screenshots of death threats he had received from people in Nigeria. One said: “So after all that we did to you before, you are still a practising homosexual. Wait until we see you down here, that will be the end of you.”
Government guidance published in February 2022 states that LGBTI people are persecuted in Nigeria, that gay men found to be involved in same sex acts are liable to be jailed for 14 years, while in the northern states where Sharia law prevails, the punishment is death.
Maria Brul of the charity Detention Action said: “This Ghana and Nigeria mass charter flight is due to forcibly expel many women with British children, some of who have lived here for over 25 years.”
Emma Ginn, the director of the charity Medical Justice, said: “We fear that our clients with severe mental health issues will be removed without having had a rule 35 report exploring any history of torture, trafficking, suicide risk and medical conditions. They are in a long queue to get an appointment for one of these reports from the healthcare unit. There continue to be serious defects in the detention safeguarding systems.”
The Home Office has been approached for comment.