‘Vital’ bee populations boosted by national park wildflower corridor scheme

·2 min read

A 72% rise in recorded bee populations and other pollinators has been recorded in the South Downs National Park following the introduction of projects to grow wildflower meadows.

The national park, which stretches from Winchester in Hampshire to Eastbourne in East Sussex, launched the Bee Lines project three years ago to create a network of wildflower corridors to encourage the “vital ecosystem engineers”.

The park said early reports show that biodiversity has improved in the new wildflower oases, with one area at Sompting in West Sussex recording “significant” increases.

Peter King, director of Ouse and Adur Rivers Trust, said: “The funding from the South Downs National Park Trust has allowed us to create 2.5 hectare of wildflower meadows on Sompting Brooks.

“Since sowing the seeds, the field has seen exceptional growth and diversity of species.

“It’s too early to attribute any specific species or biodiversity increases specifically to this meadow habitat; however, we have recorded a 72% increase in pollinator species using the site since the arable fields were reverted to meadow.

Wildflowers in the South Downs National Park (South Downs National Park Trust/PA)
Wildflowers in the South Downs National Park (South Downs National Park Trust/PA)

“We have also seen an overall species diversity increase of 98% of monitored species, including birds, bats, reptiles, invertebrates, and small mammals.

“Overall species records from the site have increased from 179 to 624 since the project as a whole was completed.”

The South Downs National Park Trust has provided 11 grants in recent months to create wildflower areas at farms, community fields, recreation grounds and road verges, with a further eight projects receiving funding last year from a total of £75,000 raised for the scheme.

A red-tailed bumblebee on kidney vetch (Tim Squire/South Downs National Park/PA)
A red-tailed bumblebee on kidney vetch (Tim Squire/South Downs National Park/PA)

Nick Heasman, who leads Bee Lines, said: “It’s wonderful to see this wildflower planting making a significant difference to biodiversity, and that effect can only multiply in future years as the habitat becomes more established.

“Bees are vital ecosystem engineers and it’s so important we try to halt and reverse their decline.

“This is nature recovery in action and a key strand of our overarching ReNature project to create new wildlife habitat in the national park.”